By Ben Yagoda
What do you get in the event you combine 9 elements of speech, one nice author, and beneficiant dashes of perception, humor, and irreverence? One phenomenally interesting language book.
In his waggish but authoritative booklet, Ben Yagoda has controlled to undo the darkish paintings of legions of English academics and libraries of dusty grammar texts. now not considering that School apartment Rock have adjectives, adverbs, articles, conjunctions, interjections, nouns, prepositions, pronouns, and verbs been explored with such infectious exuberance. learn If You seize an Adjective, Kill It and:
Learn tips to write greater with vintage suggestion from writers akin to Mark Twain (“If you capture an adjective, kill it”), Stephen King (“I think the line to hell is paved with adverbs”), and Gertrude Stein (“Nouns . . . are thoroughly no longer interesting”).
Marvel at how a unmarried notice can shift from adverb (“I did okay”), to adjective (“It was once an ok movie”), to interjection (“Okay!”), to noun (“I gave my okay”), to verb (“Who okayed this?”), looking on its use.
Avoid the pretentious preposition at, a favourite of actual property builders (e.g., “The Shoppes at White Plains”).
Laugh whilst Yagoda says he “shall name someone a dork to the top of his days” who insists on protecting the excellence among shall and will.
Read, and find a ebook whose popular culture references, funny asides, and bracing doses of discernment and customary sense convey Yagoda’s exact experience of the “beauty, the enjoyment, the artistry, and the joys of language.”
Read or Download When You Catch an Adjective, Kill It: The Parts of Speech, for Better And/Or Worse PDF
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Extra info for When You Catch an Adjective, Kill It: The Parts of Speech, for Better And/Or Worse
Hence “abstractness” is used as a functional rather than an ontological qualification. However, representations in Robering’s sense are often used for entities commonly called “abstract”. This is at least true for the examples dealt with by Robering: namely, the representation þ : σ → o of sorts by objects,52 the representation ⋆: π → o of proposition by objects, and, finally, the second-order representation ˆ : π(o) → o of properties by objects. , an item of type o. 4 of his contribution and formally spells out what these tests exactly amount to.
As Frege before him (cf. p. 30 above), Reichenbach conceived of the tenses as indexical elements referring to certain features of the context of utterance. The section on temporal issues is immediately proceeded by a section on “token-reflexive words”; Reichenbach (1947: § 50, a. 284–287). Reichenbach’s theory of indexicals has been inspired – as he himself admits in a footnote (cf. 1, p. 284) – by a chapter of Russell’s An Inquiry into Meaning and Truth (1940) in which Russell analyzes what he calls “egocentric particulars”.
This does not hold true, however, for verbs referring to a change. In ancient Greek grammar the difference between the verb forms involved in the Aristotelian test for his dichotomy is not a purely temporal one but rather involves two dimensions; cf. 300–305) and Delbrück (1919: 11–13) for the treatment of tense, time, and aktionsart in ancient Greek grammar. The Stoics originally had a double division of tenses along chronological and aspectual categories. ). Obviously the latter distinction resembles that drawn by Aristotle.
When You Catch an Adjective, Kill It: The Parts of Speech, for Better And/Or Worse by Ben Yagoda