By Patrick Brandt, Marco García García
What occurs whilst a canonically transitive shape meets a canonically transitive that means, and what occurs while this doesn’t occur? How do dyadic kinds relate to monadic ones, and what are the entailments of the operations that the grammar makes use of to narrate one to the opposite? gathering unique professional paintings from acquisition, processing, typological and theoretical syntax-semantics learn, this quantity presents a state-of-the-art in addition to leading edge dialogue of critical matters within the realm of Transitivity. those contain the definition and function of "Natural Transitivity", the translation and repercussions of valency altering operations and differential case marking, and the interactions among (in)transitive Gestalts in several different types and at varied degrees of illustration.
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Additional info for Transitivity: Form, Meaning, Acquisition, and Processing
30) No verb may have two direct (structural) objects. Note that the person object dich shifts to the dative under passivization: DirDAT/*DichACC wird der Types of transitivity, intransitive objects, and untransitivity ïœ²ïœ¹ Handstand gelehrt ‘you-get-the handstand-taught’. Clearly, this is a restriction on grammatical transitivity and its semantic conditions such as the principle of semantic transcience. (31) There are languages in which light verbs absorb their underlying objects. (32) If a verb has no theta bearing subject its underlying object may become the surface subÂ�ject.
Column 4: If a German transitive verb, tV, superficially realizes only the subÂ�ject, though not the structural (direct) object, DO, nothing changes semantically. The invisible VP-internal Θ-role retains its argument position in Logical Form. Â�The DO will always be implied and reconstructed. This is crucial for the semantic interpretation: The syntactic passive retains the basic Agent in a durch/by-prepÂ�osÂ�itional constiÂ�tuent. In the lexical process, however, the basic Agent is only lexically implicit; no prepositional constituent can be projected as an Agent adverbial.
Basque (70) a. (Hale & Keyser 2002:Â€117; Halle & Richards 2007:Â€19) negar cry egin “cry” do b. barre laugh egin “laugh” do c. egin “cough” do eztul cough d. jolas play egin “play” do e. oihu shout egin “shout” do f. lo sleep egin “sleep” do g. â•… A good case in point is the fact that reflexives do not allow for passivization. The reason is that reflexivization, much like the passive, rearranges the syntactic status of object and subject under theta role conditions as well as conditions of reference.
Transitivity: Form, Meaning, Acquisition, and Processing by Patrick Brandt, Marco García García