By R. E. Wycherley (auth.)

ISBN-10: 1349003360

ISBN-13: 9781349003365

ISBN-10: 1349003387

ISBN-13: 9781349003389

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Over-confident and fanciful restorations of Selinus have been made in the past. , was compared admiringly to a great theatre (Vitruvius ii. 8. , •• • ' '" ~·c.. cler~_'\flo FIG. S· Olynthus, five blocks (Olynthus, xii, Pl. I} GREEK TOWN-PLANNING similar of Halicarnassus, laid out by Mausollus towards the middle of the fourth century). This, as we have seen, was a form which a seaside town might naturally tend to take. The simile may merely be suggested by the contours of the site and the outline of the city.

Circuit walls did not become common till the sixth century, or normal till the fifth. Earlier the acropolis was the strong point and the rest looked to it for protection. By the sixth century the city was complete in its essentials, though there was plenty of room for architectural development in various directions. The account I have given of its growth and early form depends largely on inference from the later form of towns such as Athens, which were old-fashioned and conservative. Remains of early archaic towns, apart from monumental temples, are mostly fragmentary and obscure, and throw little light on the general form, though they do confirm its irregularity.

3, Rackham's translation), 'and with a hundred thousand it is a city no longer ' ; but the general principles which he gives in the Politics (vii. 4) go to the heart of the matter. The polis must have a population which is ' self-sufficient for the purpose of living the good life after the manner of a political community ' ; but it must not be so unwieldy that the members cannot maintain personal contact with one another - ' in order to decide questions of justice and in order to distribute the offices according to merit it is necessary for the citizens to know each other's personal characters ' (Rackham).

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How the Greeks Built Cities by R. E. Wycherley (auth.)

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